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      COVID19 — health education

      Post COVID Syndromes - Long Haulers - COVID-19

      Post COVID Syndromes - Long Haulers - COVID-19

      Post COVID Syndromes - Long Haulers - COVID-19

      COVID-19 pandemic is one of the most challenging crises that humanity has faced since the end of World War Two.

      And now, since we are almost two years into the pandemic, we are trying to narrow down and understand the lasting long-term effects that COVID-19 has on the human body.

      We have to emphasize that, to date, we can’t draw any firm conclusion on the lasting long-term effects of the disease.

      Until now, all we know is that the prolonged symptoms after COVID-19 have been called long-COVID. They have also been referred to as long-term covid, long-haul, chronic covid, or post-covid syndrome because no official term has been established yet.


      So, let’s name some Long Covid signs and symptoms.

      Some people have reported that they have experienced new or ongoing symptoms for weeks or months after first being infected with the coronavirus.

      Further research has found that even mild cases or people with no initial symptoms can still experience this condition and develop signs later.


      But what kind of new or ongoing symptoms are we talking about?

      People commonly report having different combinations of the following symptoms:

      Shortness of breath. Difficulty breathing.
      Severe fatigue.

      Post-exertional malaise, which means symptoms that get worse after physical or mental activities.

      Cough. Chest pain. Abdominal pain.
      Brain fog or difficulty concentrating.
      Heart palpitations or bounding hearts.
      Headache. Diarrhea. Sleep problems.
      Joint pain. Muscle pain. Fever.
      Lightheadedness. Pins and needles feeling.
      Rash. Change in the mood.
      Irregular menstrual cycles.
      Change in smell or taste. Dizziness.

      How common is this condition?
      Apparently, it is not uncommon to develop post covid syndrome,
      In October 2020, the United Kingdom’s national institute for health research announced that 10 to 20% of people, who had COVID-19 infection, continued to have symptoms, or complications of the disease, for one month after diagnosis.

      Another study in Italy suggested that 87% of people infected with COVID-19 continued to have persistent disease symptoms for 60 days after their initial symptoms began.



      A different post-covid syndrome is the multiorgan system effects of COVID-19.

      Sometimes after a severe infection or a severe course of a disease, the immune system gets confused and starts acting abnormally.
      And that’s exactly what happens here.

      Surprisingly, although COVID-19 is a disease that primarily affects the lung, some people who had a severe COVID-19 illness experienced multiorgan effects or autoimmune conditions.

      The term “multiorgan” means that this condition can affect many, if not all, body systems. It can attack the heart, lungs, kidneys, skin, and brain function.

      We are not talking about a day or two. Those people suffered from persistent symptoms for weeks or even months after they test negative for COVID-19.

      And it gets worse when autoimmune conditions happen. At this point of the disease, the immune system will attack healthy cells causing inflammation, and tissue damage in the affected parts of the body.

      Severe complications of chronic covid are rare. However, some people, mostly children, experienced multisystem inflammatory syndrome, or also known as (MIS) for short.

      M.I.S has been reported during or shortly after a COVID-19 infection. And unfortunately, M.I.S can lead to critical conditions, including cardiac arrest.

      the heart had its special share of post-covid syndromes.
      How?
      Through the effect of the virus on blood cells and blood vessels.

      Doctors found out that COVID-19 makes blood cells more likely to clump up and form blood clots. Usually, large clots are known to cause heart attacks and strokes. But, surprisingly, the significant damage to the heart caused by COVID-19 began from tiny clots that block small blood vessels in the heart muscles.

      Doctors also found that COVID-19 can also weaken blood vessels and cause them to leak, which contributes to problems in the liver and kidney.

      Up till now, we only talked about post-covid conditions that can happen to non-hospitalized patients.

      But what about hospitalized patients?
      Patients who have been hospitalized do have a condition known as post-intensive care syndrome.
      And it refers to health problems that begin when a person has been admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU).
      These problems can remain even when a person returns home including:
      Severe weakness.
      Problems with thinking and judgment.
      Post-traumatic stress disorder.

      Post-intensive care syndrome can be tricky because you never know whether these effects are due to effects of hospitalization, the long-term effects of the virus, or a combination of both.
      Add to that the complication of the pandemic itself, including the mental health effects of isolation, forced lifestyle changes, the bad economic situation, and lack of access to health care.

      After all, it is all still unclear.
      I mean, you must have wondered why post-covid syndromes occur? Currently, nobody knows.
      Of course, some hypotheses have been formed, but much is still unknown.
      However, research is still ongoing, and time may offer us the answers.

      In the end, it is essential to remember that most patients who get COVID-19 infections recover quickly. Still, the potentially long-lasting problems make it even more important to avoid catching the disease. Some studies showed that about 50% of the post covid syndromes get resolved within six months of the initial infection.

      So, stay safe, everyone!

      Thank you for watching another video from medical arts official.
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      LONG COVID SYNDROME - Major health problems of the near future.

      LONG COVID SYNDROME - Major health problems of the near future.

      Long COVID syndrome - Arising health problem - Public health organizations are still trying to understand these conditions.

      What is long COVID / Chronic COVID-19 ?

      Who is at risk of developing Long COVID syndrome?

      What are the signs and symptoms of Long COVID / Post COVID syndrome? What causes shortness of breath in Long COVID?

      What are the heart problems in post COVID-19 syndrome?

      What is the percentage of post COVID myocarditis?

      What are the neurological and mental health problems in Long COVID?

      How often do psychological problems occur in chronic COVID syndrome?

      What is the complication of COVID-19 in children?

      What is a multi-system inflammatory syndrome?

      How long do Chronic COVID signs last?

      How to avoid getting Long COVID syndrome?

      All the above questions are answered in this 4 minutes video.

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      Delta and Delta Plus Variants covid-19 (coronavirus pandemic)

      Delta and Delta Plus Variants covid-19 (coronavirus pandemic)

      What is the covid-19 delta variant?
      What is the covid-19 delta plus variant?
      What is the difference between the Delta variant and delta plus variant?
      Are the COVID-19 vaccines effective against the Delta variant?
      What are the signs and symptoms of delta variant?
      Do delta variants cause a more severe illness?
      Is COVID delta variant more contagious/infectious?
      How to prevent delta variants?
      All the above questions are answered in this 3 minutes video.

       

      A virus variant has a genome sequence that differs from that of a reference virus.


      During recent months, Variants such as Lambda and Delta arise during the COVID-19 infection and transmission.


      Some worries in many parts of the world right now is Delta, a highly contagious SARS-CoV-2 virus strain


      Delta variant was first identified in India in December 2020.


      The Delta variant is highly contagious, more than 2x the previous variants.


      It swept rapidly through India and Great Britain before dominating in the U.S and now Canada


      Transmissions are happening even in vaccinated individuals.


      As a result, The CDC has labeled Delta a variant of concern.


      Will the Delta strain make you sicker than the original virus?


      A question that is yet to be answered


      In two studies, patients infected with the Delta variant were more likely to be hospitalized than those infected with other virus strains.


      It seems like cough and loss of smell are less common in Delta COVID disease.


      Whereas headache, sore throat, runny nose, and fever are present based on the most recent surveys in the U.K


      More than 90% of new cases in the U.S are due to the Delta strain.


      Vaccines continue to reduce risk of contracting the virus, but Breakthrough infection can still happen in fully vaccinated people.


      Studies demonstrate that vaccines remain highly effective in preventing severe illness and hospitalization.


      The Pfizer-BioNTech was about 90% effective against other variants, but recent studies point at 66% efficiency against the Delta variant.


      The Delta variant seems to produce the same high amount of virus in unvaccinated and fully vaccinated people.


      Fully vaccinated people with Delta variant breakthrough infections can spread the virus to others.


      Fully vaccinated people are found to be infectious for a shorter period
      Delta Plus variant?


      There are additional questions and concerns about Delta Plus, a subvariant of Delta, first identified in Europe in March 2021


      Delta Plus is now detected in U.K U.S and India

       

      The plus variant is more transmissible than the Delta variant
      Delta plus is now labeled as a variant of concern by CDC.


      Some studies suggest that Delta plus could easily outpace immune defenses, bind strongly to lung cell receptors.

      This still requires more studies.


      This mutation, called K417N, affects the spike protein that the virus needs to infect cells, which is the main target for the mRNA and other vaccines.


      It is too early to conclude if vaccines are efficient against the delta plus virus
      The higher the transmission rate, the higher the risk of potential exposure in public settings.


      Here are some key ways to protect yourself and your loved ones:
      Avoiding crowded spaces and keeping a safe distance from others.


      Keeping all indoor spaces well ventilated can be as simple as opening a window.


      Wearing a mask in public places where there is community transmission and physical distancing is impossible.


      Washing hand regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub.
      The recent increase in infections caused by the Delta variant is an important reminder that this pandemic isn't over,


      Keep updated on the level of COVID-19 transmission in your community and follow local guidance.


      Even if you are vaccinated, it is still a good idea to take general safety precautions.

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      COVID-19 Variants explained - Variants of concern vs Variants of interest - characteristics of each variant/mutation.

      COVID-19 Variants explained - Variants of concern vs Variants of interest - characteristics of each variant/mutation.

      What do a variant and mutations mean?

      All viruses, including SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, change over time. Most changes have little to no impact on the virus’ properties. However, some changes may affect it, such as how easily it spreads, the associated disease severity, or the performance of vaccines, therapeutic medicines, diagnostic tools against the new mutation, or other public health measures.

      What are the effects of new variants?

      During late 2020, the emergence of variants that posed an increased risk to global public health prompted the characterization of specific Variants of Interest and Variants of Concern , in order to prioritize global monitoring and research, and ultimately to inform the ongoing response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

      A mutation is called a Variant of Interest if it has the features that reduce the ability of the immune system to prevent an infection.

      A Variant of Concern has been demonstrated to have weaker responses to treatments or vaccines and are more likely to evade diagnostic testing.

      They tend to be more contagious and cause more serious infections.

      Variant of High Consequence are almost undetectable to current diagnostic and treatment options. Often they cause more severe cases. none of COVID-19 mutations are under this category so far.

      How are variants/mutations developed?

      Viral mutations may naturally occur anywhere in the virus genome. Unlike the human DNA genome, which is slow to mutate, RNA viruses are able to quickly mutate.

      A new virus variant emerges when the virus develops 1 or more genome sequence differs from a reference virus.

      What are the known variants of covid-19?

      There are thousands of different types of Covid 19 variants circulating across the world.
      some examples are Alpha.
      first identified in the UK.
      Appears to spread more easily, with about a 50% increase in transmission compared to previous circulating variants.

      Beta

      first identified in South Africa.
      It reduces the effectiveness of some monoclonal antibody medications and the antibodies generated by a previous COVID-19 infection or COVID-19 vaccine.

      Delta

      Appears to be spreading quickly in many countries including the UK and US where it has become the dominant variant. Vaccines continue to be effective at preventing hospitalization and death, but transmissions of delta variants did not stop. However, This variant might reduce the effectiveness of some monoclonal antibody treatments and the antibodies generated by a COVID-19 vaccine. There is no evidence that Delta cause more serious illness for the vast majority of people.

      Gamma

      first identified in Brazil, this variant reduces the effectiveness of some monoclonal antibody medications and the antibodies generated by a previous COVID-19 infection or a COVID-19 vaccine.

      Lambda

      is the variant responsible for most of the new cases in south America, and recently started to causes outbreaks in Florida, it is suggested that this variant is highly transmissible and resistant to today's covid-19 vaccines.

       

      What are the differences and similarities among COVID-19 variants? How is the world dealing with covid-19 variants?

      Most variants cause similar COVID-19 symptoms.
      Some mutations may cause more often the severe form of the disease and a higher risk of mortality, such Alpha and Beta.
      Some diagnostic tests may have less sensibility to newer versions of the virus that may cause false testing results.
      Vaccines are usually less effective in some cases against new variants that didn't exist before the testing and productions but vaccines are showing a reduced mortality and decreased severity of illness.

       

       

      Learn more about the human body and related topics: https://bit.ly/3eZjCSi

      Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Overview

      Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) Overview

      Coronavirus disease is a new chapter added to the world medical problems, what is covid-19? and what should we know about it ? this 7 minutes video will answer all your questions.

       

      How is covid-19 transmitted ?

      How long is a person with covid-19 contagious before showing symptoms?

      Who is at risk of severe covid-19 illness?

      What organs are affected by covid-19?

      How many cases of covid-19 have we recorded so far?

      what is the number of mortalities by covid-19?

      What is the percentage of mortality with covid-19?

      What is the incubation period of covid-19?

      Can covid-19 be transmitted by asymptomatic people?

      What are the most common signs and symptoms of the coronavirus disease?

      What are the severe alarming signs of coronavirus infection? How to diagnose covid-19?

      what tests are used to detect covid-19?

      What is the serology test for covid-19?

      How is the PCR for covid-19 collected?

      What to do if infected with covid-19?

      what are the options of treatment for coronavirus disease?

      How to prevent catching covid-19? Does the vaccine help avoid covid-19?

      Can I catch covid-19 if i am vaccinated?

      Will covid-19 vaccines end the pandemic?

      What are the limitations of coronavirus vaccines?

      How does covid-19 kills ?

      What is a cytokine storm?

      What are the potential complications of coronavirus disease?

      What is long covid? chronic covid? post covid? What are the signs and symptoms of long covid?

      Can asymptomatic people spread the coronavirus?

      If everyone gets vaccinated will the pandemic end?

      Are you immune to covid-19 after recovering from it?

      Read more