Most common causes of ankle pain - differential diagnosis ddx.

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In this article, you will explore the most common causes of ankle pain, brief introduction to each illness, and You will also find a brief epidemiology when applicable.
  1. Ankle sprain: Ankle sprains are the most common cause of ankle pain, accounting for approximately 25% of all ankle injuries.

  2. Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can affect the ankle joint and is estimated to affect about 7% of the adult population.

  3. Achilles tendinitis: Achilles tendinitis is a common overuse injury, accounting for approximately 11% of all ankle injuries.cause of ankle pain Achille tendinitis

  4. Ankle Fracture: Ankle fractures are common injuries, accounting for about 5-10% of all fractures, and can cause significant ankle pain.

  5. Ankle Gout: Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints, and it can cause severe ankle pain. Its prevalence is estimated to be about 4%.

  6. Tarsal tunnel syndrome: Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the nerve that runs through the ankle becomes compressed, accounting for approximately 1-2% of all ankle pain cases.

  7. Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that can cause inflammation in the ankle joint, and its prevalence is estimated to be about 1%.

  8. Peroneal tendonitis: Peroneal tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons that run along the outside of the ankle; its incidence is estimated to be about 1%.

  9. Ankle Bursitis: Bursitis is a condition that occurs when the bursa, a small sac of fluid that cushions the joint, becomes inflamed, and it accounts for approximately 1% of all ankle pain cases.

  10. Syndesmotic injury: Syndesmotic injuries occur when the ligaments that connect the tibia and fibula bones in the ankle are stretched or torn, accounting for approximately 1% of all ankle injuries.


Other causes of ankle pain:

to get additional information for each of the following health conditions consult our downloadable document at the following link

causes of ankle pain differential diagnosis ddx PDF

  • Pulled muscle 
  • Infection
  • Varicose veins 
  • Nerve entrapment 
  • Inflammatory synovitis
  • Tendinosis 
  • Deep vein thrombosis 
  • Aponevritis 
  • Osteomyelitis 
  • Tarsal coalition 
  • Peripheral artery disease 
  • Leg ulcer
  • Lyme's disease 
  • Achilles tendon rupture


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 Please note that the information provided in this article is intended for entertainment and educational purposes only. The statistics presented are for relative comparison and may not be accurate or up-to-date

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