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      PTSD - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - Definition, Symptoms, epidemiology, causes, treatment. DSM-5

      PTSD-Post-traumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-disorders-symptoms-treatments-definition-causes-medicalart-arts-official-blog

       

      What is PTSD? 

      What is the prevalence of PTSD/Post traumatic stress disorder? 

      What are the signs and symptoms of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder/PTSD? 

      How to diagnose PTSD, what are the criteria? (DSM-5)

      What are the causes and risk factors of PTSD/post traumatic stress disorder? 

      How to treat PTSD?

       

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      Panic disorder & Panic attack

      panic-disorder-panic-attack-axiety-disorder-medicalarts-medicalart-official-mental-health-definition-symptoms-diagnosis-causes-treatments

      What is a panic attack? What is a panic disorder? What is the difference between panic attack and panic disorder? What is the prevalence of panic attack? What is the prevalence of panic disorder? What are the signs and symptoms of panic attack and panic disorder? What are the causes and risk factors of panic disorder? How to diagnose panic disorder? (DSM-5) How to treat panic disorder? This 3 minutes video includes some additional self-help methods to manage panic attacks.

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      OCD- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, definition, examples, causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments

      OCD- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, definition, examples, causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments

      What is OCD/Obsessive-compulsive Disorder? What do obsession and compulsions mean? What is the prevalence of OCD? What are the signs and symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive disorder? What are the causes and risk factors of OCD? How to diagnose OCD/obsessive-compulsive disorder? (based on DSM-V) What are the chances of curing Obsessive-Compulsive disorder? How to treat OCD? Obsessive-compulsive disorder is similar to other mental illnesses, It can go hidden for years before people seek help and get a proper diagnosis.

      Obsessions are recurrent intrusive, unwanted thoughts. Typically they produce anxiety or distress, which leads to repetitive behavioral acts called compulsions.

      MIKE is sitting in his home office when a random image of an intruder flashes into his mind. He tries to avoid it, and he continues to work. It is not a problem to this point. Sometimes this image will flash again. He checks the backyard and locks the house door. Then he goes back to his office work to resume his tasks.

      What if this image invades his mind again and again in more intense forms? He starts developing anxiety that gets out of control and leads to compulsive behaviors such as running to check the backyard multiple times, the basement a few more times, retightening the locks on the doors, and a growing list of reactions to ease the anxiety. All of that is happening while MIKE knows no one else is there, and now he cannot finish his work tasks on time.

      The estimated lifetime prevalence at 2.3% of the united states population. Females are more likely to suffer from OCD than males. In general, OCD Cases may start in childhood. 75% of cases onset are earlier than the age of 30.

      The recurrence and severity of obsessions and compulsions vary among people.
      Obsessions can be a thought such as stabbing someone, an image of a disaster, or an urge like jumping in front of a moving truck.
      Compulsions may manifest as behavioral or mental acts, and they can become rituals.
      They range from washing hands too often despite the formation of dermatitis, can lead to suicidal events, and severe depressions if no professional intervention is offered.

      the causes of obsessive-compulsive disorder are not fully known.
      Increased risk is associated with Genetics by running the disorder from a parent to the child.
      Environmental factors play a role, includes bullying. Compulsions are learned behaviors that can become rituals after experiencing stressful life events.
      And not last, abnormally low levels of Serotonin in the brain may cause OCD.

      Four criteria as per DSM 5 are required to qualify for a diagnosis of OCD. Here is a simplified version of the points.
      ONE - Presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both.
      TWO - those obsessions and behaviors are time-consuming in that they impair normal daily life activities.
      THREE - above signs are not the result of consuming a drug or medicine.
      FOUR - Another disorder does not better explain the signs and symptoms. (e.g. of bipolar disease, ADHD are among others)

      OCD is a resisting disorder, but improvement happens in 75 to 85% of patients after proper therapy.
      the treatment is a combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy and medications.
      CBT is the treatment of choice. It helps the patient recognize and change their thought patterns and behaviors.

      Some medications, especially antidepressants that influence the serotonin system, have been found to decrease the symptoms of OCD. These medications are only available under a prescription, given their potential side effects. It usually takes several weeks for this group of medications to deliver adequate effects.

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      Specific phobia definitions, types, causes, diagnosis, treatments, self help, DSM-5.

      Specific phobia definitions, types, causes, diagnosis, treatments, self help, DSM-5.

      Specific phobia definitions, types, causes, diagnosis, treatments, self help, DSM-5.

      Specific phobia is the most common mental health problem under the group of anxiety disorders- DSM 5. What is a phobia? How many types of phobia are there? (based on DSM-5) What is the prevalence of specific phobias by age group? What are the signs and symptoms of specific phobia? What are the causes and risk factors of specific phobias? How to diagnose / what are the criteria to qualify for a specific phobia? How to treat specific phobia? How to manage a phobia at home? All the above questions are answered in this 5 minutes video.

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      Anxiety Disorders - DSM-5 - Definition, Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and Self-help.

      anxiety disorders, dsm 5, medical arts official, @medicalartsofficial. what is anxiety? types of anxiety disorders? what causes anxiety disorders? how to treat anxiety? how to self manage anxiety?

      Anxiety Disorders - DSM-5 - Definition, Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and Self-help.

      What is anxiety?

      What anxiety disorders are in the DSM 5?

      Signs and symptoms of anxiety disorders. 

      What are the causes and risk factors of an anxiety disorder? 

      How anxiety disorders are diagnosed ?

      Can anxiety disorder be treated? How to manage anxiety disorders? 

      Medical arts official, Medical arts shop.

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