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      Medical and nursing topics — Diabetes type 2

      Diabetes Difference Between Type1 and type 2 - Pathophysiology of diabetes.

      diabetes type 1 vs type 2 pathophysiology

      Diabetes Type 1 vs type 2 pathophysiology, simplified explanation.

      In a normal situation when you eat a meal your digestive system will break down sugar into a simple form called glucose. Glucose is the main form of energy for our body.

      From the digestive system, glucose gets absorbed into the blood.

      As a result of increased blood glucose levels the beta cells of the pancreas secrete a hormone called insulin.

      The role of insulin is to escort the glucose from the blood vessels into the cells to produce energy.

      Insulin will bind to specific receptors found on the cells this reaction allows the entry of blood glucose into the cells.

      In Type 1 diabetes,
      Diabetes Type 1 vs type 2 pathophysiology, simplified explanation.

      An autoimmune reaction leads to the destruction of beta cells of the pancreas.

      Fewer beta cells mean less secretion of insulin and Less insulin is available to bind to the receptors of the cells this Results in less glucose entering the cells.

      This condition is treated mainly by injections of insulin.

      Type 2 diabetes,

      is caused by a condition called insulin resistance that is when the insulin bind to the receptors, but The cells ignore the insulin. Therefore, glucose cannot enter the cells. The causes of this condition are not well known. Insulin resistance may be reversed with increased physical activity, weight loss, and getting enough sleep.

      In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, glucose stays in the blood for longer than usual, causing abnormally elevated blood glucose levels, also called hyperglycemia.

      The combination of high blood glucose, and a low supply of energy to the cells. are responsible for the signs and symptoms of diabetes, also for the short and long-term complications.

      diabetes type 1 and type 2 Simplified explanation of causes and pathophysiology

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      Risk factors for diabetes mellitus type 2.

      Risk factors for diabetes mellitus type 2.

      Risk factors for diabetes mellitus type 2.

       We are going to discuss the risk factors for diabetes mellitus type 2. For an overview of this disease and prediabetes, make sure to check our previous video.

      They are divided into two groups, the controllable risk factors those that we can modify, and the uncontrollable factors that are out of our control.

      This video aims to inform you so you can alert people who may have diabetes without knowing about it.

      A person at high risk can prevent or delay developing diabetes by adopting a simple, healthier lifestyle.

      Seeking early medical attention can prevent the complications of diabetes and premature death.

      Uncontrollable risk factors include the following:

      Family history, To have a blood-related parent or sibling with diabetes.

      Age, The risk increases proportionally with age and accelerates after the age of 40.

      Ethnicity people of certain ethnicities and races, such as African, Caribbean. Asian and Hispanic.

      Another risk factor is the Women who experience gestational diabetes, they are at 50% risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

      Obesity is one of the leading risks for diabetes type 2. Fat distribution is also an important factor. PEAR and APPLE body shapes increase the chances of metabolic disease. fat accumulation in the abdomen area indicates a greater risk. by losing 7 to 10% of body weight you cut your risk of developing diabetes by 60%.

      Lifestyle is an important factor in increasing the risk or treating diabetes. Exercising less than three times a week for more than 30 minutes each is considered insufficient. The less active the person, the higher the risks.

      An imbalanced diet is another factor, such as too much consumption of rapid glucose and high saturated fat food.

      Adults with Depression are at higher risk of developing type two diabetes.

      Same for an aggressive personality person.

      Having Prediabetes gives a 50% chance of having diabetes type 2 later in life.

      Other controllable factors that can trigger or worsen diabetes include illnesses such as.


      Dyslipidemia, a metabolic condition characterized by high level of bad fat and low levels of good fat.
      Pancreatic illness.

      Polycystic ovary syndrome. and thyroid problems.

      Treating other diseases with medications may come with side effects that increases the risk of uncontrolled blood glucose levels and even developing diabetes.

      Some of those medications are.


      Atypical antipsychotics.

      And Thiazides.

      having multiple risk factors increase the possibilities to develop diabetes. Here is a summary of today's video, you can access it for free on our Pinterest and Facebook page.

      Now we have come to an end. Thank you for joining us in another video covering health-related topics with medical arts officials. Subscribe to support our channel. Like and share with your friends. Leave your comment below about your thoughts, questions, or suggestions.

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