Gum recession surgical treatment - Gum Graft Surgery - Medical Arts Shop

Gum recession surgical treatment - Gum Graft Surgery


Gum recession, a common oral health issue, can lead to severe problems if left untreated. Gum graft surgery is a prevalent treatment for this condition. Below is a detailed overview of gum graft surgery and its alternatives.

gum graft surgery

Gum Graft Surgery


  • Purpose: Gum graft surgery treats gum recession, where gums pull away from teeth, exposing the roots and increasing the risk of tooth decay, sensitivity, and bone loss.

  • Performed by: Periodontists, specialists with three years of additional training after dental school.

  • Commonality: It's one of the most frequently performed periodontal procedures in the U.S​​.


  1. Preparation: A periodontist examines the gums, measuring the recession around each tooth.

  2. Process: The surgery involves:

    • Administering local anesthesia.

    • Preparing the site by making an incision and cleaning teeth roots.

    • Harvesting the graft from the patient's palate or using donor tissue.

    • Placing the graft over the exposed roots and securing it with sutures​​.


  • Timeline: Generally, one to two weeks, with the first week involving management of bleeding, swelling, and discomfort.

  • Post-Procedure Care: Involves eating soft foods, avoiding strenuous activities, and specific instructions on oral hygiene​​.

Benefits and Risks

  • Advantages: Reduces gum disease and cavity risks, decreases teeth sensitivity, and improves smile appearance​​.

  • Risks: Though rare, potential complications include infection, excessive bleeding, and graft rejection​​.

  • Effectiveness: High success rates of over 90%, effectively treating gum recession​​.

gum graft surgery


Alternatives to Gum Graft Surgery

1. Pinhole Surgical Technique
  • Description: A minimally invasive procedure it involves making a small hole in the gumline and adjusting the position of the gums.

  • Benefits: Less invasive and faster recovery than traditional gum grafting

pinhole surgical technique

2. Scaling and Root Planing
  • Process: Involves removing tartar from teeth and below the gumline. This helps heal the gums by reducing the risk of periodontal disease, a cause of gum recession​​.

scaling and planing

3. Regeneration


  • Applied When: Used for severe cases where gum recession has led to bone deterioration.
  • Procedure: Involves peeling back gum tissue and placing a bone graft​​.



4. Gum Contouring
  • Method: Reshapes smile lines using a laser or scalpel, often performed with gum grafting.
  • Benefits: Improves smile aesthetics and decreases pocket depths, making them easier to clean and reducing periodontal disease risk​​.


A video for each procedure will be shared soon on our YouTube channel. Make sure to subscribe and click the bell button to be notified.


In conclusion, while gum graft surgery is a highly effective treatment for gum recession, there are alternatives like the Pinhole Surgical Technique, Scaling and Root Planing, Regeneration, and Gum Contouring, each with specific applications and benefits. Treatment choice depends on individual conditions and should be discussed with a dental professional.
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